Kuwait City, Oct 25: Kuwait ranked fourth in the Gulf, eighth in the Arab world, and 139 globally in the tenth edition of the Sustainable Competitiveness Index issued by the independent think-tank “Solubility” specialized in consulting in sustainability management.
Sustainable competitiveness means that current levels of wealth are not at risk of declining or shrinking through over-exploitation of resources (ie natural and human resources), or lack of innovation investments required to compete in globalized markets such as education, or discrimination, marginalization, or exploitation of segments of society.
According to the report accompanying the results of the index, the leading countries in the classification of the sustainable competitiveness index are mostly high-income countries, which indicates a certain relationship between the degree of sustainable competitiveness and per capita GDP, or income levels (high income = high sustainability).
The report pointed out that the rating of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, which are rich in natural resources, is much lower than the rating of their GDP, which indicates that sustainable competitiveness is not linked to GDP but rather to high levels of income.
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The Sustainable Competitiveness Index is based on measuring the competitiveness of 180 countries on 5 sub-indicators: the competitiveness of natural capital, social capital, intellectual capital, resource competitiveness, and governance.
The report stated that the availability and condition of natural capital affect economic development or recovery in the short term – unless the capital in question is oil or other commodities in demand in the global market. The exploitation of natural resources (natural capital) can bring short-term economic benefits but is often accompanied by a diminishing basis for future development.
As for intellectual capital, the report indicated that there is a direct relationship to some extent between the availability of intellectual capital and economic development, as all countries that reduced their investments in innovation, research and development, and education, for example, have experienced a slower recovery or even more decline since the financial crisis, vice versa.
In terms of governance performance, the report stated that countries that reduced infrastructure and public investment, and countries with a large unsupervised domestic financial investment market and a low industrial base, declined more and recovered more slowly than countries with higher investment, smaller domestic financial markets, and a lower industrial base. Better industrial.
Ranking too late in resource efficiency
Kuwait ranked very late in the natural capital index, to rank 165 globally and fifth in the Gulf, and in a low rank in resource efficiency, to the bottom of the list, with Qatar and Iran in 178, 179, and 180 places, respectively.
In the intellectual capital index, Kuwait ranked 113 out of 180 countries, and in the social capital index, it performed well to rank 42 globally.
Kuwait also came second in the Gulf after the UAE, third in the Arab world, and 60th globally in the Governance Performance Index for 2021, which is based on measuring the efficiency of governance in 180 countries around the world on 5 main criteria: “government compatibility, infrastructure, business environment, corruption, and financial stability.